Cubs at Kanha @ Aditya Singh
Elephants are used to track Tigers in Central India @ Aditya Singh
A Tiger marking it's territory @ Aditya Singh
Male tiger in the meadows of Kanha national park
Kanha harbours the last population of Hard ground Swamp Deer or Barasinga @ Aditya Singh
Indian Wild Dog @ Aditya Singh
Gaur is the largest bovine in India @ Aditya Singh
Kanha National ParkMadhya Pradesh
Tucked away in the Eastern part of the Central-Indian Satpura Range, Kanha is one of the oldest and largest Tiger reserves in India. Legendary for its wilderness and tiger sightings, the reserve was immortalized by Rudyard Kipling, who set his 1894 Jungle Book adventure of Mowgli (the Wolf Boy) in these very forests. The vast size of the park makes extended explorations possible, making it a favourite with photographers for its sheer quality of wildlife viewing.
It was here that eminent American zoologist George Schaller undertook the first ever, scientific, field study of the tiger in the 1960s. ‘The Deer and the Tiger’, Schaller’s detailed account of the ecology and behavior of Kanha’s Bengal tigers and four prey species of hoofed mammals, is an inspiration for all naturalists. The vegetation comprises dry woodland on hill tops interspersed with dense forests and grassy expanses at lower elevations. Sal (shorea robusta) is the dominant tree in the meadows and bamboo is more common in the higher slopes and hills.
Immensely rich in game, Kanha has the distinction of harbouring the last of the highly vulnerable Hard Ground Barasingha. Tiger sightings are frequent and meadows abound with large herds of Chital and Barasingha. The park is also a good place to see the Leopard, Sloth Bear, Dhole (Indian Wild Dog) and Indian Wolf. Lesser predators include the Jungle Cat, Indian Fox, Small Indian Civet, Golden Jackal, Common and Ruddy Mongoose. The prey species also include Gaur, Sambar, Chital, Wild Boar, Chousingha and Barking Deer. Primates here are the Northern Plains Grey Langur and Rhesus Macaque.
The bird life is impressive, with over 300 species including the Mottled Wood Owl, Grey headed Fish Eagle, Red Spurfowl, Painted Francolin, Jungle Bush Quail, Blue capped Rock Thrush, Indian Vulture, Brown Fish Owl, Orange headed Thrush, Tawny bellied and Indian Scimitar Babbler, Tickell’s & Ultramarine Flycatcher, Greater Racket-tailed Drongo, Malabar Pied Hornbill, Brown cheeked Fulvetta, Indian Scops Owl, Crested tree Swift, Sirkeer Malkoha, Zitting Cisticola, Scarlet Minivet, White rumped Shama, Indian Nightjar and Indian Thick-knee. Warblers found here are the Hume’s Leaf, Sulphur-bellied and Greenish Warbler.
- State: Madhya Pradesh
- Area: 1945 sq km (Combining Core and buffer forest)
- Altitude: 500 to 1000 m above mean sea level
- Vegetation: Tropical moist deciduous, dry deciduous and grassy meadows
- Water resources: Suklum and Banjar and other small rain fed streams
- Winter: November to mid-February
- Summer: April to mid-June
- Monsoon: June to October
- Rainfall: 1224 mm
- Temperature: Min 1°C, Max 42°C