Indian Rhino @ Aditya Singh
Water Buffalo @ Aditya Singh
Critically endangered Pallas's Fish Eagle @ Dhritiman Mukherjee
Spot-billed Pelicans @ Dhritiman Mukherjee
Asian Elephant @ Aditya Singh
Grasslands of the Central range
Red Junglefowl @ Aditya Singh
Kaziranga National ParkKaziranga National Park, India
The Kaziranga National Park, which lies in the flood plains of the Brahmaputra River in Assam, has often been compared to African parks because of the quality of wildlife viewing. On account of its large “big five mammals”, Indian Rhinocerous, Asian Elephant, Wild Water Buffalo, Bengal Tiger and Swamp Deer populations, Kaziranga is often referred to as the ‘Serengity of India’. The park contains about fifteen species of India’s threatened mammals, including the largest population of the Indian Rhinoceros, Water Buffalo and Eastern Swamp Deer.
The riverine habitat is dominated by tall dense grasslands interspersed with tropical wet evergreen forests, tropical semi-evergreen forests, interconnecting streams and numerous small lakes or bheels with the Eastern Himalayas in the background. The Tiger is prominent in the park’s list of predators, which includes Leopards and lesser predators like the Fishing Cat and Hog Badger. Primates found here are the Capped Langur and Hoolock Gibbon, while other mammals are the Sloth Bear, Common Indian Otter, Wild Boar, Sambar, Swamp Deer, Hog Deer and Indian Muntjac. The reptilian fauna includes the Water and Bengal Monitor, Indian Python and the King Cobra.
Kaziranga’s rich avifauna makes it one of the most sought after birding destinations in the country. The marshes support many species of waterfowl and an elephant ride reveals grassland species such as globally threatned Bengal Florican & Swamp Francolin. Six species of storks are found here which include the Greater and Lesser Adjutant along with the huge Black necked Stork. The woodland forests are home to Blue-naped Pitta, Slender-billed and Chestnut-capped Babbler, Fairy Bluebird, Puff-throated Babblers, Silver-breasted Broadbill and flocks of Spot-winged Starling in winters. Tea plantations and adjoining scrub and cultivation can be explored for the Siberian Rubythroat, Rufous-necked Laughing Thrush and Thick-billed Warbler. Raptors here include Pallas’s and Grey headed Fish Eagles, Changeable Hawk, Steppe, Booted, Eastern Imperial Eagles, Pied Harrier and up to seven species of vultures which include the critically engangered Slender Billed, Indian and White rumped.
- State: Assam
- Area: 430 sq. km (Combining Core and buffer forest)
- Altitude: 80 to 1220 m above mean sea level
- Vegetation: Tropical evergreen and Semi evergreen with Alluvial inundated grassland
- Water resources: Bramhaputra river, numerous ponds and lakes
- Winter: November to mid-February
- Summer: April to May
- Monsoon: June to September
- Rainfall: 2220 mm
- Temperature: Min 5 °C – Max 37 °C