Asian Elephant @ Aditya Singh
One horned Rhino @ Aditya Singh
Great Hornbill @ Dhritiman Mukherjee
Brown-cheeked Rail @ Dhritiman Mukherjee
Water Buffalo @ Aditya Singh
Manas River @ Dhritiman Mukherjee
Bengal Florican @ Dhritiman Mukherjee
Located on the foothills of the Eastern Himalayas on the Indo-Bhutan boundary, Manas National Park lies at the confluence of three gene pools – Indo-Tibetan, Indo-Malayan and Indo-Gangetic. The Dangme Chu River flows from Royal Manas Sanctuary in Bhutan and becomes the picturesque Manas as it enters India, where it splits into three separate rivers that drain into the Brahmaputra. On account of its rich biodiversity and unique distinction of being a Project Tiger Reserve, an Elephant Reserve and a Biosphere Reserve, this river system has been deemed a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Although it’s not easy to spot large number of mammals at Manas, but when you do find them, it will be an interesting wildlife encounter. The park holds the distinction of harbouring the maximum number of endangered species in India as listed in the IUCN Red List. It is considered the single most important site for the long-term survival of Pygmy Hog, Hispid Hare and the Golden Langur, an endemic primate restricted to Manas. The fascinating list includes the One-horned Rhinoceros, Indian Elephant, Water Buffalo, Tiger, Leopard, Hoolock Gibbon, Gangetic Dolphin, Sloth Bear and Indian Wild Dog. Both the Clouded Leopard and Marbled Cat are reported here but seldom seen. Other interesting mammals include Fishing Cat, Leopard Cat, Binturong, Crab eating Mongoose, Gaur, Muntjac, Giant Squirrel and Small Indian Civet.
An excellent venue for birding, Manas is home to many prolific species, including mega-birds like the threatened Bengal Florican, Greater and Lesser Adjutant Storks, Swamp Francolin, Black-breasted Parrotbill, Ibisbill and Finn’s Weaver. Other interesting species include Spot-bellied Eagle Owl, Blue-bearded Bee-eater, Long-tailed & Silver-breasted Broadbills, White-tailed Blue Robin, Rufous-rumped Grassbird, Sultan Tit and Spot-winged Starling.
- State: Assam
- Area: 519 sq km
- Altitude: 61 to 200 m above mean sea level
- Vegetation: Combination of Sub-Himalayan Bhabar Terai with riverine succession continuing up to Sub-Himalayan mountain forest
- Water resources: Manas, Dhansiri and Beki rivers, Waterholes at Buraburijhar, Makhibaha and Daulabil in the core area
- Winter: November to February
- Summer: March to May
- Monsoon: Heavy rainfall from June to September, when park is shut
- Temperature: Min 5°C to Max 37°C
- Rainfall: Annual average 333 cm