Asian Elephants @ Dhritiman Mukherjee
Elephants are the dominant mammals of Nagarahole @ Dhritiman Mukherjee
Nagerhole @ Dhritiman Mukherjee
Kabini reservoir @ Dhritiman Mukherjee
Wild Dogs @ Dhritiman Mukherjee
Nagarahole National ParkKarnataka
One of the finest remaining habitats of the Asiatic Elephant, Nagarahole is situated in the Deccan Plateau and forms an integral part of the Nilgiri biosphere. Once an exclusive hunting preserve of the Maharajas of Mysore, Nagarahole today is the beacon of conservation as it is the hub of two of India’s most reputed conservation projects – Project Elephant and Project Tiger.
The river after which the park is named (Nagara Hole in the local tongue means Serpent River), meanders through lush green wilderness and finally meets the Kabini, the largest river draining the forest. A dam built on it has created a splendid lake to the south of the park, which forms a boundary with Bandipur Tiger Reserve. During the summer months one can witness one of the largest congregations of Asian Elephants here.
Large predators here are the Tiger, Leopard & Indian Wild Dog. The abundant prey base includes Gaur, Chital, Sambar, Indian Muntjac and Wild Boar. Other species worth mentioning are the Sloth Bear, Giant Squirrel and the Smooth Indian Otter, while Marsh Crocodiles abound in the reservoir. Primates commonly seen here are the Bonnet Macaque and Southern Plains Langur.
Nagarahole’s rich bird life includes endemics like the Malabar Parakeet, White-cheeked Barbets, Malabar pied Hornbill and the Malabar Lark. Other notable species are the Grey Junglefowl, Red Spurfowl, White Bellied, Heart spotted, Yellow Crowned and Rufous Woodpeckers, Scarlet Minivet, Great Hornbill, Vernal hanging Parrot, Indian and Velvet fronted Nuthatch, Jungle Mynas, Chestnut headed and Blue Tailed Bee-eater, White rumped Needletail and Indian Swiftlet to name a few.
- State: Karnataka
- Area: 640 sq km (Combining Core and buffer forest)
- Altitude: 600 to 900 m above mean sea level
- Vegetation: Dry deciduous and Moist deciduous
- Water resources: Kabini, Lakshmana Teertha and Nagarahole rivers, seasonal/perennial streams and tanks
- Winter: November to mid-February
- Summer: Mid-February to mid-June
- Monsoon: Mid-June to September
- Rainfall: 1500 mm
- Temperature: Min 10°C, Max 32°C