Gharial at Chambal landscape @ Dhritiman Mukherjee
Chambal is one of the finest sites to see the Indian Skimmers @ Dhritiman Mukherjee
Marsh Crocodile @ Aditya Singh
Indian Civet @ Dhritiman Mukherjee
Gharial or Gavial basking in the sun @ Aditya Singh
Indian Tent Turtle @ Aditya Singh
Bar-headed Geese @ Dhritiman Mukherjee
Fresh water Catfish @ Dhritiman Mukherjee
National Chambal SanctuaryMela Kothi Rd, Agra, Uttar Pradesh 201301
The National Chambal Sanctuary (NCS) is a 400 km stretch of the Chambal River with a 1 to 6 km wide swathe of ravines on either side. Designated in 1979 to help revive Gharial & Marsh Crocodile populations, the 1235 sq km area of the Chambal Ravines is a product of centuries of soil erosion by flood and rainwater. Part of a larger eco-reserve co-administered by the states of Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh, the Chambal remains one of the few large unpolluted rivers in North India before it drains into the Ganges.
One of the finest places to see the Gangetic River Dolphin, Marsh Crocodile and the endemic fish-eating Gharial up close, Chambal also boasts an impressive bird list, notably the Indian Skimmer which breeds here. Other key bird species here are the Black bellied and River Tern, Small Pratincole, Great Thick-knee, Barred button Quail, Blue Rock Thrush, Crested Bunting, Grey throated Sand Martin, Greater Short toed and Crested Larks, Brown Hawk Owl, Sarus Crane, Chestnut bellied Sandgrouse, Indian Grey Hornbill, Coppersmith and Brown headed Barbet, Lesser White throat, Orphean Warbler, Ashy crowned Sparrow Lark, Brooke’s and Tickell’s leaf Warbler, Humes Warbler and raptors like the Laggar Falcon, Long legged Buzzard, White eyed Buzzard, Eurasian Sparrowhawk, Bonneli’s and Steppe Eagle, Dusky Eagle Owl and Brown Hawk Owl. Water birds are fairly widespread and include Bar headed Geese, Northern Shoveler, Spot-billed Duck, Common Merganser, Great crested Grebe, Indian Black Ibis, Pallas’s and Steppe Gull, Red crested Pochard, Kentish Plover, Marsh Sandpiper, Common and Spotted Redshank to name a few.
Notable amongst the mammals here is the highly endangered Gangetic River Dolphin. Other species include the Jungle Cat, Blackbuck antelope, Indian Hare, Indian Flying Fox, Golden Jackal and Small Indian Civet. On a recent tour in October 2013 we even sighted a Leopard during a boat cruise on the river, quite unusual for the area.
- State: Tri – junction of Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan
- Area: 1235 sq. km
- Altitude: 200 to 500 m above mean sea level
- Vegetation: Tropical dry scrub
- Water resources: Chambal River
- Winter: November to March
- Summer: April to June
- Monsoon: July to September
- Temperature: 2 to 42 Degree Centigrade
- Rainfall: Average around 700 mm