Nilgiri Langur @ Dhritiman Mukherjee
Giant Squirrel @ Dhritiman Mukherjee
Tropical evergreen forests of Periyar @ Dhritiman Mukherjee
Periyar lake is the nucleus of the reserve @ Dhritiman Mukherjee
Periyar Tiger Reserveperiyar tiger reserve, india
Nestled in the Cardamom Hill range to the south of the Western Ghats, Periyar is the best-known Tiger Reserve in South India. This hilly reserve embraces the Periyar River, which was dammed in 1895 by British Engineer Colonel J Pennyquick to supply water to Madurai town. These forests were protected by the Maharaja of Travancore who maintained this as his private hunting reserve.
The 26 sq km Periyar Lake, located at the heart of the sanctuary, is the nucleus of the Tiger Reserve and the hub of wildlife activities. A boat ride on the reservoir could reveal Elephants, Gaur, Sambar, Wild Boar, Otters and occasionally Wild Dogs. Tigers remain elusive here and are seldom seen. A walk in the reservoir accompanied by Forest Guard offers good opportunities to see primates like the Nilgiri Langur, Bonnet Macaque and rodents like the Giant Red Flying Squirrel.
Periyar’s habitat ranges from gentle, rolling hills covered by tropical evergreen forests in the Sholas and semi evergreen forest along the streams, to moist deciduous forest and marshy grasslands in the central part. On account of this varied habitat, Periyar boasts an impressive list of resident species including about half the peninsular endemics and near-endemics. Notable among these are Malabar Trogon, Waynad Laughing Thrush, Gray Junglefowl, Blue-winged Parakeet, Malabar Gray Hornbill, White-bellied Treepie, White-cheeked and Crimson-throated barbets, Yellow-browed Bulbul, Rufous Babbler, White-bellied Blue Flycatcher, Crimson-backed and Loten’s sunbirds.
- State: Kerala
- Area: sq km
- Altitude: above mean sea level
- Water resources: