Sloth Bear at Satpura @ Dhritiman Mukherjee
Indian Giant Squirrel at Satpura @ Dhritiman Mukherjee
Indian Skimmer at Satpura @ Dhritiman Mukherjee
Satpura @ Dhritiman Mukherjee
Satpura National Park
Located in Central India, Satpura National Park is part of the larger Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve, which also encompasses Pachmarhi and Bori Wildlife Sanctuary. The park derives its name from the Satpura range of hills that stretches across Peninsular India from Gujarat to Chhattisgarh. Deemed a National Park in 1981, the park was added to the list of Project Tiger Reserves in 1999.
Due to its unique geographical location that forms a boundary between the Indo Gangetic plains and the Deccan Plateau, Satpura is also part of an important corridor that connects the Eastern Himalayas with the Western Ghats, which has bestowed the park with a rich bio-diversity.
The terrain is largely hilly interspersed with ravines, grasslands, dense forests and localized streams that have caused deep, narrow gorges after years of erosion. The vegetation is typically moist deciduous with both Sal (Shorea Robusta) and teak being the dominant tree species. The Tawa reservoir on the western boundary and numerous streams are the park’s major water sources.
Apart from the Tiger, other large predators here are the Leopard, Sloth Bear, Dhole, Striped Hyena and the Wolf. The abundant prey base comprises Gaur, Sambar, Spotted Deer, Nilgai antelope, Barking Deer, Chausinga or Four Horned Antelope and the elegant Blackbuck. Lesser predators are Jungle Cat, Rusty Spotted cat, Small Indian Civet and Common Mongoose. Both the Indian and Malabar Giant Squirrel are reported here along with the Flying Squirrel. Primates here are the Rhesus Macaque and the Grey Langur.
Birdlife is rich, notably the Indian Skimmer, Black-bellied Tern, Mottled Wood Owl, Grey headed Fish Eagle, White bellied Minivet to name a few.